When diabetes is not well controlled it poses damage to other organs such as diabetic infection in legs and feet. People who have poorly controlled diabetes are at risk for having damage to the nerves in their feet. Because of nerve damage they are unable to sense the position of their feet and toes while walking and balancing.
Poorly fitting shoes are a common cause of diabetic foot problems. Smoking in any form can cause damage to the small blood vessels in feet and legs; causing disruption in its healing process and poses a major risk factor for infections and amputations.
Any type of foot infection caused by ingrown toenail should be handled right away by a foot specialist; also the athlete’s foot; a fungal infection of the skin or toenails should be treated promptly.
Also when diabetes is poorly controlled it leads to hardening of the arteries or arthrosclerosis and when blood flow to injured tissues to poor, healing does not occur properly.
Symptoms of Diabetic Foot
1) Blood drainage which is persistent
2) Any type of skin break
3) Toenail fungus
4) Redness & swelling of feet or legs
5) Persistent pain in feet and legs
6) Difficult walking
7) Numbness in feet or legs.
Diabetic Foot Prevention
A diabetic patient should examine his feet daily and trimming of toenail should be straight across. Only comfortable shoes should be worn out. Smoking should be strictly prohibited.
In addition proper diabetic diet together with regular exercise improves bone and joint health, thus improving circulation to legs, stabilizing the blood sugar levels and the patient should keep his feet away from sources of heat (hot sand, hot water bottles, and fires).